Everything you need to know about Floor Screeds

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Floor screed composes of cementitious materials and sand blend based on a suitable mix design and apply to provide a level surface for the floor finish which introduces to the surface of the floor screed. So, floor screed is the base for the floor finish and greatly influences the performance of the floor finish. In this article, we explore different aspects of the floor screed.

Types of Floor Screed

There are different types of floor screed that specifies based on the requirements and applications and the functionality of the floor:

  • Unbonded screed floor
  • Bonded screed floor 
  • Floating screed floor 
  • Heated screed floor 

Materials for Floor Screed

Following are the materials for the construction of floor screeds:

  • Cement
  • Clean and sharp sand
  • Water

And occasionally additives add to obtain specific properties. Polymer materials or metal mesh or glass are likely to introduce to reinforce the screed.

The above components are adequate blend base on the prepare material proportions. If the thickness of the floor screed does not exceed 40mm, the recommend mix is 1 Portland cement: 3 grains of sand or 1 Portland cement: 4.5 sand. However, 1 cement: 1.5fine sand: 3 coarse aggregate (10 mm maximum aggregate size) should consider if the floor screed thickness is greater than 40mm. It is known that drying shrinkage gets reduces as the proportion of cement to sand decreases. A suitable amount of water should specify to provide require workability since excessive water would reduce floor screed strength and inadequate water quantity lead to poor compaction.

The procedure of Floor Screeding

  • Evaluate the surface of the base
  • Estimate materials used for screeding
  • Prepare the base
  • Prepare the floor screed mixture
  • Apply bonding agents such as water or bonding slurry
  • Place the floor screed mixture
  • Finally, properly cure the placed materials
  • How to construct a Successful Screed Floor 
  • Choose the right and suitable screed contractor
  • Select suitable screed floor type
  • Produce right and suitable floor screed mixture
  • Construct floor screed using appropriate and acceptable screed placement process
  • Consider right approaches for floor screed protection

Customary cement sand screeds

A fortified Floor Screeds is clung to the piece or substrate beneath, and the primary way that reinforces screeds fall flat is that the connection between the floor screed and the substrate fizzles. This is bound to occur assuming that the floor screed is excessively thick. An unbonded floor screed isolates from the piece or substrate underneath, and the principal way that an unbound floor screed falls flat is to lift or twist. This is bound to occur assuming that the floor screed is excessively slight. Fortified screeds ought to hence be slim, typically under 50mm. Unbonded screeds should be thick, regularly 70mm or more, and 100mm or more assuming that twisting should stay away from.

Accurately indicating the profundity and kind of floor screed begins from the get-go in the planning cycle. The issues that direct the plan of the floor screed incorporate the structurally determines floor gets done the development resistances and the arrangement of falls. There may likewise be underlying necessities, for example, forestalling unbalance breakdown and the advancement of composite activity with the concrete chunk beneath. Once in a while, the utilization of a floor screed can be kept away from.

This may be accomplished by indicating more tight development resistances and additionally underlying completions that are reasonable to get the flooring materials straightforwardly. On the off chance that a floor screed requires it tends to be either a customary Cement Based Plaster or cement sand floor screed or all the more as of late evolved restrictive pumpable self-smoothing screeds. These sorts are clarified beneath, along with a rundown of related definitions and directions on floor screed profundities.

Grout For Tiles In Bathroom
Grout For Tiles In Bathroom

Floor screed definitions

There are specific definitions worry about indicating screeds. In this article we involve the definitions in BS8204 and BS EN 13318:

Evening out floor screed 

The floor screed is appropriately completes to get a character level and to get the last flooring. It doesn’t add to the primary exhibition of the floor.

Wearing floor screed 

 The floor screed fills in as flooring. This term was previously known as a high-strength concrete fixing. It is likewise used to allude to underlying garnishes just as wearing surfaces.


 Floor screed laid onto a precisely pre-arrange substrate to expand possible security.


 The floor screed is deliberately isolates from the substrate by the utilization of a film.


 Floor screed laid on acoustic or warm protection. This is a sort of unbonded floor screed.

Cement sand floor screed  

Comprising of a floor screed material containing sand up to a 4mm most extreme total size.

Fine concrete floor screed 

 Comprising of concrete in which the most extreme total size is 10mm.

Pumpable self-smoothing floor screed

 The floor screed that blends to a liquid consistency, can move by siphon to the area where it is to be laid and which will stream adequately (with or without some disturbance of the wet material) to give the necessary exactness of level and surface routineness.


 A vertical misshapen of the edges of the screen brought about by differential shrinkage.

It should notice that pumpable self-smoothing screeds are regularly known as ‘self-evening out’ screeds.


The floor screed might be straightforwardly clung to the base or laid unbound onto a reasonable sodden-resistant layer that is put over the section. On the other hand, it very well might apply as a drifting completion over a layer of inflexible protection material. This application is reasonable for use with cast-in water lines to give underfloor warming.

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